1. Short title and commencement:
(1) These rules may be called the Indian Wireless Telegraphs (Amateur Service) Rules, 1978.
(iii) To a bonafide amateur radio society, club, a school, college, institute or university in India, which has the aim of participating in the 'amateur service':
-Provided that the central government may, pending the cancellation of the licence, suspend or endorse such licence:
5. Particulars of the Amateur Radio Society or club, school etc.
MINISTRY OF COMMUNICAITON
* On primary shared basis as per the relevant provisions of Radio Regulations.
$ The authorisation is on non-interference and non-protection basis.
@ On secondary basis as per the relevant provisions of Radio Regulations.
& 1260-1270 MHz for Earth to space satellite service only.
The above authorisation is subject to site clearance as per the procedure prescribed by the Standing Advisory Committee on Radio Frequency Allocation (SACFA) as applicable.
Note: (i) Following sub-bands of frequencies are authorised with enhanced R.F. power to holder of Advanced Amateur Telegraph Station Licence
400 WattsAll emissions as authorised
For A3F emission, the transmission shall be restricted to call-sign of the station, location and other particular of the amateur station. They shall be limited to point to point test transmission employing a standard interlace and scanning with a bandwidth not more than 4 kHz.
DC input power is the total direct current power input to the final stage of the transmitter.
In case of Short Wave Listener’s Amateur Licence, the holders are permitted to listen to all the bands authorised to Amateur Service.
The syllabus for the examination of the Restricted Amateur Wireless Telegraph Station Licence shall be same as per Part I of Amateur Station Operator’s Grade II examination.
The holder of Amateur Wireless Telegraph Station Licence, Grade II shall be entitled for authorisation of radio telephony emission on his providing proof of having made 100 contacts with other Amateurs using
Syllabus and details of Amateur Station Operator's Certificate (ASOC)
Examination for the award of Amateur Station Operator's Licence
Ham radio is one of the few hobbies in the world, which requires a government licence. To obtain the licence, one has to go through a course as per the syllabus devised by the communication authority to be equipped with an optimum amount of knowledge and proficiency which is necessary to communicate using a wireless transceiver without causing interference to the other radio communication services and as per agreements set up at the international communication meetings. The course covers basic electronic radio theories as well as the existing national and international rules related to amateur radio communication in radiotelephony (voice) and radio telegraphy (Morse Code).The person who wants to become a ham should at the same time be able to show his proficiency in Morse Code sending and receiving. The Amateur Radio Operator's Certificate is awarded by the Wireless Planning and Coordination (WPC) Wing of the Ministry of Communication, New Delhi. The examination is conducted at the Wireless Monitoring Stations located throughout the country. The examination is held for four different categories of licence. They are the :
Advanced Grade Licence
Grade I Licence
Grade II Licence
Restricted Grade Licence.
Anyone above 12 years of age can obtain Amateur Radio Station Operator’s Licence after passing the examination/s mentioned above. It is also possible to establish an Amateur Radio Club Station with a licenced ham in charge of it.
The application form for Amateur Radio Station Operator's Certificate Examination can be obtained from :
The Assistant Wireless Advisor to the Govt. of India,
Wireless Planning & Coordination (WPC) Wing,
Ministry of Communications, Dak Bhavan,
Parliament Street, New Delhi-110001
The filled-in Application Form along with all other necessary documents should be sent to the Wireless Monitoring Station located nearest to your home town or where you wish to appear for the examination.
SECTION I :
Radio Theory and Practice (Applicants holding degree in telecommunication, or electronics and electrical communication, or a degree recognized by the central government as equivalent to the above degree shall be exempted from appearing in SECTION I of the test).
SECTION II :
National and International regulations applicable to the operation of amateur radio station and those relating to the working of station generally.
Part II - Morse Code
(i) Morse code receiving (ii) Morse code sending
Section I : Radio Theory and Practice
Elementary electricity and magnetism :
Elementary theory of electricity, conductors and insulators, units, Ohm's law, resistance in-series and parallel, conductance, power and energy, permanent magnets and electromagnets and their use in radio work; self and mutual inductance; types of inductors used in receiving and transmitting circuits, capacitance; construction of various types of capacitors and their arrangements in series and/or parallel.
Elementary theory of alternating currents :
Sinusoidal alternating quantities-peak, instantaneous, RMS, average values, phase; reac zation and smoothing.
Elementary theory and construction of semiconductor devices:
Diodes and Transistors.
Principles and operation of TRF and superheterodyne receivers, CW reception, receiver characteristics-sensitivity, selectivity, fidelity; adjacent channel and image interference; AVC and squelch circuits; signal to noise ratio.
Principles and operation of low power transmitter; crystal oscillators, stability of oscillators.
Wavelength, frequency, nature and propagation of radio waves; ground and sky waves; skip distance; fading.
Common types of transmitting and receiving aerials.
Measurement of frequency and use of simple frequency meters.
SECTION II : Radio Regulations
(a) Knowledge of :
(i) the Indian Wireless Telegraph Rules, 1973; and
(ii) the Indian Wireless Telegraphs (Amateur Service) Rules, 1978.
(b) Knowledge of International Radio Regulations as relating to the operation of amateur stations with particular emphasis on the following:
Designation of Emission,
Nomenclature of the frequency and wavelength,
Frequency allocation to amateur radio service,
Measures against Interference,
Interference and tests, Identification of stations,
distress and urgency transmissions,
Phonetic alphabets and figure code.
(c) Standard frequency and time signal services in the world.
(d) The following 'Q' codes and abbreviations which shall have meaning as assigned to them in the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) convention :
QRA, QRG, QRH, QRI, QRK, QRL, QRM, QRN, QRQ, QRS, QRT, QRU, QRV, QRW, QRX, QRZ, QSA, QSB, QSL, QSL, QSO, QSU, QSV, QSW, QSX, QSY, QSZ, QTC, QTH, QTR and QUM.
Telegraphic (Morse code) abbreviations: AA, AB, AR, AS, BT, C, CFM, CL, CQ, DE, K, KN, NIL, OK, R, TU, VA, WA, WB.
The written examination for Grade II licence is of one hours duration. The maximum number of marks is 100. Candidates must secure at least 40 per cent in each section and 50 per cent in aggregate to pass. The syllabus for Grade I licence is the same as that for Grade II licence, but the written examination for Grade I licence is of two hours duration. The maximum number of marks is 100 and candidates must secure at least 50 per cent in each section and 55 per cent in aggregate for a pass.
PART II : MORSE CODE
(a) Section I : Morse receiving (Speed: 5 words per minute)
The test piece will consist of a plain language passage of 125 letters, five letters counting as one word. Candidates are required to receive for five consecutive minutes at the speed of 5 words per minute from a double headgear headphone receiver, international Morse code signals from an audio frequency oscillator keyed either manually or automatically. A short practice piece may be sent at the prescribed speed before the start of the actual test. Candidates will not be allowed more than one attempt in each test. The test may be written in ink or pencil but must be legible. Bad handwriting and over-writing will render a candidate liable to disqualification. More than five errors will disqualify a candidate.
(b) Section 2 : Morse Sending (Speed: 5 words per minute)
The test piece will consist of a plain language passage of 125 letters, five letters counting as one word. Candidates are required to send on an ordinary key for five consecutive minutes at the minimum speed of five words per minute. A short practice piece may be allowed before the actual test. Candidates will not be allowed more than one attempt in the test. Efforts should be made to correct all errors. However, more than five uncorrected errors will disqualify a candidate. The accuracy of signaling, correct formation of characters and the correctness of spacing shall be taken into account.
A candidate is required to pass both in Part I and Part II. In the case of candidates qualifying in Part I only, the licence shall be restricted to radiotelephone operations in the VHF ham band only.
Morse Code test for Grade I :
Receiving-(Speed: 12 words per minute)
The test piece will consist of a plain language passage of 300 characters which may comprise letters, figures and punctuation (punctuation are indicated below). The average words shall contain five characters and each figure and punctuation will be counted as two characters. Candidates are required to receive for five consecutive minutes at a speed of 12 words per minute. Other conditions are the same as applicable to Grade II Examination.
Full stop, Comma, Semi-colon, Break sign (BT), Hyphen and Question mark.
Sending-(Speed: 12 words per minute)
The test piece will be similar to Morse receiving test. Candidates are required to send for five consecutive minutes at a speed not less than 12 words per minute. Other conditions are the same as applicable to Grade II examination.
A candidate is required to pass both in Part I and Part II simultaneously.
Advanced Amateur Station Operators' Examination
Part I-Written Test
(a) Section 1: Radio Theory and Practice
In addition to the syllabus prescribed for Grade II Examination, following items shall be included in the syllabus of Advanced Amateur Station Operators' Examinations :-
(i) Motors and generators: Elementary principles and construction of alternators, motors and generators.
(ii) Alternating current: Construction of transformers, transformer losses, transformer as a matching device.
(iii) Measuring instruments: Moving coil and moving iron meters, frequency meters.
(iv) Semiconductor devices and transistors: Elementary principles of conduction and construction, symbols, biasing methods.
(v) Power supplies: Halfwave and fullwave rectifiers, smoothing and regulation, bridge rectifier.
(vi) Modulation: Principles of frequency modulation.
(vii) Transmitters and receivers: Elementary principles of transmission and reception of facsimile and television signals, elementary principles of transmitters and receivers employing single side band.
(viii) Propagation: Characteristics of ionosphere and troposphere. Properties of different reflecting layers, optimum working frequency, day and night frequencies.
(ix) Aerials: Principles of radiation, aerials for different frequency bands including aerials for microwave.
(x) Space communications: Elementary principles of communication via satellite.
(b) Section 2: Radio Regulations
Syllabus is same as prescribed for Grade II Examination. The test is of 3 hours duration. The maximum number of marks is 100 and candidate must secure at least 50 per cent in each section and 60 per cent in aggregate for a pass